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人教版丨八年级下册英语第6单元重点词汇解说(附训练题及谜底):英亚y6app

企业团队 / 2022-07-06 20:12

本文摘要:Unit6 重点词汇解说1. finish doingfinish意为“完成,竣事”,作及物动词时,其后可跟名词、代词或动名词。即:finish sth.或finish doing sth.。 例如:I finished my homework this morning.我今天上午做完了作业。When did you finish drawing the picture?你什么时候画完那副画的?

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Unit6 重点词汇解说1. finish doingfinish意为“完成,竣事”,作及物动词时,其后可跟名词、代词或动名词。即:finish sth.或finish doing sth.。

例如:I finished my homework this morning.我今天上午做完了作业。When did you finish drawing the picture?你什么时候画完那副画的?Can you finish reading this book tomorrow?明天你能读完这本书吗?【拓展】能接v.-ing作宾语的动词另有:practice; enjoy; mind; keep等。practice doing sth. 训练做某事enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事mind doing sth.介意做某事keep doing sth. 一直做某事例如:In my class, most of the students enjoy singing English songs.在我们班,大多数学生喜欢唱英语歌。

Do you mind opening the window? 你介意打开窗户吗?2. finallyfinally是副词,多修饰动态动词,位置较灵活,可位于句中、句首或句尾,位于句中时,要放在be动词、助动词和情态动词之后,行为动词之前。例如:They finally found the lost child. 他们终于找到了丢失的孩子。He worked out the math problem finally. 他终于解出了那道数学题。【拓展】finally; at last和in the end的辨析:(1) finally强调在枚举论点时,引出最后一个内容,有表现盼愿已久的事情终于实现了的寄义。

偏重最后的效果。例如:They talked about it for hours, finally they decided not to go.他们为此讨论了几个小时,最后决议不去了。(2) at last强调经由曲折后才到达目的。

表现期待的情感更为强烈。偏重指先后顺序,而且在句中的位置较为灵活。

例如:When they found him at last, he was almost dead.当他们最终找到他时,他险些死已往了。(3) in the end在强调经由许多变化、难题之后才到达目的时,与at last的用法一样,且位置较为灵活。但在表现对未来的了局表现预测时,只能用in the end。

例如:He tried many different jobs, and in the end he became a postman.他做过许多事情,最后当了一名邮递员。3. remind(1) remind是及物动词,意思是“提醒、使某人想起”,经常和介词of连用,组成动词短语remind sb. of sb. / sth.=remind sb. that+从句,意思是“使某人想起某事或者某人”。

 例如:Does that song remind you of your mother?那首歌使你想起你的妈妈吗?(2) 动词短语remind sb. to do sth. 的意思是“提醒某人做某事”。例如:Please remind me to return the books to the library.请提醒我把这些书还给图书馆。

4. sound stupidsound在此是系动词,意为“听起来”,后面接形容词作表语。例如:The song sounds wonderful! 那首歌听起来太精彩了!The music sounds beautiful. 这首音乐听起来很美。【拓展】类似sound这种用法的词另有:feel(摸起来,感受);smell(闻起来);look(看起来);taste(品尝)等。

例如:The food tastes delicious. 食物尝起来很鲜味。I feel so happy today. Mum will buy me a new bike.我今天很兴奋,妈妈要为我买辆新自行车。The old man looks very happy. 谁人老人看起来很幸福。

These flowers smell very sweet. 这些花闻起来很香。The tomatoes feel very soft. 这些西红柿摸起来很软。【注意】smell; look等系动词差别于系动词be,它们在变疑问句或否认句时不能简朴地提到主语之前或加not,而是要通过助动词do/does/ did等来资助实现。例如:Does it smell nice? 它闻起来很好吗?The chicken doesn’t taste good. 鸡肉尝起来欠好。

How do the children look? 孩子们看起来怎么样?5. get married(1) get married意为“完婚”。若问某人是否完婚,而不涉及完婚的工具,可用be / get married的形式,相当于系表结构。

例如:你完婚了吗?【误】 Do you marry?/ Have you married?【正】 Are you married?/ Have you got married?(2) be / get married to sb. 意为“与某人完婚”。例如:Alice was married to a doctor last month.上个月爱丽丝和一位医生完婚了。【拓展】marry既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词,意为“完婚;嫁;娶;与……完婚等”。常见用法如下:(1) marry sb.意为“与……完婚”。

例如:John married Mary last week. 上星期约翰和玛丽完婚了。(2) marry sb. to sb.意为“把某人嫁给某人”。

例如:She married her daughter to a businessman.她把女儿嫁给了一位商人。(3) marry 一般不与介词with 连用。她和一位英国人结了婚。【误】She married with an Englishman.【正】She married an Englishman.【正】She was / got married to an Englishman.6. alongalong作介词,意为“沿着”,课本中的along the way意为“沿路”。

例如:There are trees all along the road.沿着这条路重新到尾都有树。【拓展】along;across与through的辨析:(1) along意为“沿着”,指沿着一条直线在水平偏向上运动。例如:I saw him running along the road. 我瞥见他正沿着这条路跑。(2) across意为“横过,穿过”,主要表现从某物的外貌横过。

例如:He walked across the road carefully. 他小心地走过马路。(3) through意为“横过,穿过”,表现从某个空间或内部穿过。例如:He walked through the forest alone. 他独自一人走过森林。

7. maybemaybe作副词,意为“也许;或许”。例如:Maybe he is a teacher. 也许他是个老师。【拓展】辨析:maybe与may be(1) maybe是副词,主要用于非正式场所,口语中常用。

意为“也许,或许”。它通常放在句子的开头,在句子中作状语。例如:Maybe they won’t come here tonight.他们或许今晚不会来这儿。

Maybe she is happy. 也许她是幸福的。(2) may be是“情态动词may+动词原形be”组成的,在句中做谓语,意为“可能是、或许是”。例如:She may be at home. 她可能在家。(也可以说:Maybe she is at home.)You may be right. 你可能是对的。

(也可以说:Maybe you are right.)8. be made ofbe made of 意为“由……制成”,强调从制制品中仍可以看出原质料。The desk is made of woods. 桌子是由木头制成的。【拓展】be made 后接差别的介词,具有差别的意义。(1) be made from意为“用……制成”,强调从制制品中看不出原质料。

Books are made from woods.书是由木头制成的。(2) be made in 意为“由……制造(生产)”,强调生产所在,in后只接所在的名词。The kind of watch is made in Shanghai.这种手表是在上海制造的。(3) be made up of 意为“由……组成”或“由……组成”, 强调由多种身分、团体、成员或单元等组成或组成。

Our class is made up of twenty-eight girls and sixteen boys.我们班由二十八个女孩和十六个男孩组成。(4) be made into意为“把……制成……”,注意表现原质料的词作句子的主语,表现制制品的词作介词into的宾语。Glass can be made into all kinds of beautiful things.玻璃可以制成种种各样漂亮的物品。

词汇精练:I. 英汉互译。1. as soon as ___________________2. 似乎很可能___________________3. 完婚___________________4. 听起来愚蠢___________________5. make a plan ___________________6. along the way ___________________7. because of ___________________8. finish doing sth. ___________________9. hear sb. doing sth. ___________________10. 从前___________________II. 凭据句意及首字母和汉语提示写出所缺单词。

1. Thanks for your gift, it r___________ me of you.2. If you want to show your kindness, you can ________(微笑) at others.3. The Monkey King always tries to fight bad people and help the w____________.4. She spent the __________(整个的) evening finishing the task.5. How s__________ you are! The question is very easy.6. It not right to __________(欺骗) others.7. Look, the sun is s__________ through the window.8. The shirt does not ___________(适合) me. It’s too large for me.9. The b________ boy saved a little girl by jumping into the cold river.10. The man asked his girlfriend to _________(嫁) him.III. 用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。1. In some _________(west) countries, the song is very popular.2. The T-shirt is ________(make) of cotton.3. When I passed the classroom last night, I heard someone ________(talk) loudly.4. After graduation from the University, he got _________(marry) to a girl.5. He only laughed at us instead of __________(give) us a hand.6. Once upon a time, there _________(be) an old man named Yu Gong.7. We plan ________(go) out for a picnic next weekend.8. The boy was _________(lose) and he couldn’t find his mother.9. He ________(call) me as soon as he arrives in Beijing.10. He had __________(such) many falls that he was black and blue all over.参考谜底:I. 英汉互译。

1. 一……就…… 2. seem very possible3. get married 4. sound stupid 5. 制定一个计划6. 沿路 7. 因为 8. 完成做某事9. 听见某人正在做某事 10. once upon a timeII. 凭据句意及首字母和汉语提示写出所缺单词。1. reminds 2. smile 3. weak4. whole 5. stupid 6. cheat 7. shining8. fit 9. brave 10. marryIII. 用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。1. western 2. made 3. talking4. married 5. giving 6. was7. to go 8. lost 9. will call 10. so。


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